He did not know where he was. Presumably he was in the Ministry of Love, but
there was no way of making certain. He was in a high-ceilinged windowless cell
with walls of glittering white porcelain. Concealed lamps flooded it with cold
light, and there was a low, steady humming sound which he supposed had something
to do with the air supply. A bench, or shelf, just wide enough to sit on ran
round the wall, broken only by the door and, at the end opposite the door, a
lavatory pan with no wooden seat. There were four telescreens, one in each wall.
There was a dull aching in his belly. It had been there ever since they had
bundled him into the closed van and driven him away. But he was also hungry,
with a gnawing, unwholesome kind of hunger. It might be twenty-four hours since
he had eaten, it might be thirty-six. He still did not know, probably never
would know, whether it had been morning or evening when they arrested him. Since
he was arrested he had not been fed.
He sat as still as he could on the narrow bench, with his hands crossed on his
knee. He had already learned to sit still. If you made unexpected movements they
yelled at you from the telescreen. But the craving for food was growing upon
him. What he longed for above all was a piece of bread. He had an idea that
there were a few breadcrumbs in the pocket of his overalls. It was even possible
– he thought this because from time to time something seemed to tickle his leg
– that there might be a sizeable bit of crust there. In the end the temptation
to find out overcame his fear; he slipped a hand into his pocket.
'Smith!' yelled a voice from the telescreen. '6079 Smith W.! Hands out of
pockets in the cells!'
He sat still again, his hands crossed on his knee. Before being brought here he
had been taken to another place which must have been an ordinary prison or a
temporary lock-up used by the patrols. He did not know how long he had been
there; some hours at any rate; with no clocks and no daylight it was hard to
gauge the time. It was a noisy, evil-smelling place. They had put him into a
cell similar to the one he was now in, but filthily dirty and at all times
crowded by ten or fifteen people. The majority of them were common criminals,
but there were a few political prisoners among them. He had sat silent against
the wall, jostled by dirty bodies, too preoccupied by fear and the pain in his
belly to take much interest in his surroundings, but still noticing the
astonishing difference in demeanour between the Party prisoners and the others.
The Party prisoners were always silent and terrified, but the ordinary criminals
seemed to care nothing for anybody. They yelled insults at the guards, fought
back fiercely when their belongings were impounded, wrote obscene words on the
floor, ate smuggled food which they produced from mysterious hiding-places in
their clothes, and even shouted down the telescreen when it tried to restore
order. On the other hand some of them seemed to be on good terms with the
guards, called them by nicknames, and tried to wheedle cigarettes through the
spy hole in the door. The guards, too, treated the common criminals with a
certain forbearance, even when they had to handle them roughly. There was much
talk about the forced-labour camps to which most of the prisoners expected to be
sent. It was 'all right' in the camps, he gathered, so long as you had good
contacts and knew the ropes. There was bribery, favouritism, and racketeering of
every kind, there was homosexuality and prostitution, there was even illicit
alcohol distilled from potatoes. The positions of trust were given only to the
common criminals, especially the gangsters and the murderers, who formed a sort
of aristocracy. All the dirty jobs were done by the politicals.
There was a constant come-and-go of prisoners of every description:
drug-peddlers, thieves, bandits, black-marketeers, drunks, prostitutes. Some of
the drunks were so violent that the other prisoners had to combine to suppress
them. An enormous wreck of a woman, aged about sixty, with great tumbling
breasts and thick coils of white hair which had come down in her struggles, was
carried in, kicking and shouting, by four guards, who had hold of her one at
each corner. They wrenched off the boots with which she had been trying to kick
them, and dumped her down across Winston's lap, almost breaking his thigh-bones.
The woman hoisted herself upright and followed them out with a yell of 'F –
bastards!' Then, noticing that she was sitting on something uneven, she slid off
Winston's knees on to the bench.
'Beg pardon, dearie,' she said. 'I wouldn't 'a sat on you, only the buggers put
me there. They dono 'ow to treat a lady, do they?' She paused, patted her
breast, and belched. 'Pardon,' she said, 'I ain't meself, quite.'
She leant forward and vomited copiously on the floor.
'Thass better,' she said, leaning back with closed eyes. 'Never keep it down,
thass what I say. Get it up while it's fresh on your stomach, like.'
She revived, turned to have another look at Winston and seemed immediately to
take a fancy to him. She put a vast arm round his shoulder and drew him towards
her, breathing beer and vomit into his face.
'Wass your name, dearie?' she said.
'Smith,' said Winston.
'Smith?' said the woman. 'Thass funny. My name's Smith too. Why,' she added
sentimentally, 'I might be your mother!'
She might, thought Winston, be his mother. She was about the right age and
physique, and it was probable that people changed somewhat after twenty years in
a forced-labour camp.
No one else had spoken to him. To a surprising extent the ordinary criminals
ignored the Party prisoners. 'The polits,' they called them, with a sort of
uninterested contempt. The Party prisoners seemed terrified of speaking to
anybody, and above all of speaking to one another. Only once, when two Party
members, both women, were pressed close together on the bench, he overheard amid
the din of voices a few hurriedly-whispered words; and in particular a reference
to something called 'room one-oh-one', which he did not understand.
It might be two or three hours ago that they had brought him here. The dull pain
in his belly never went away, but sometimes it grew better and sometimes worse,
and his thoughts expanded or contracted accordingly. When it grew worse he
thought only of the pain itself, and of his desire for food. When it grew
better, panic took hold of him. There were moments when he foresaw the things
that would happen to him with such actuality that his heart galloped and his
breath stopped. He felt the smash of truncheons on his elbows and iron-shod
boots on his shins; he saw himself groveling on the floor, screaming for mercy
through broken teeth. He hardly thought of Julia. He could not fix his mind on
her. He loved her and would not betray her; but that was only a fact, known as
he knew the rules of arithmetic. He felt no love for her, and he hardly even
wondered what was happening to her. He thought oftener of O'Brien, with a
flickering hope. O'Brien might know that he had been arrested. The Brotherhood,
he had said, never tried to save its members. But there was the razor blade;
they would send the razor blade if they could. There would be perhaps five
seconds before the guard could rush into the cell. The blade would bite into him
with a sort of burning coldness, and even the fingers that held it would be cut
to the bone. Everything came back to his sick body, which shrank trembling from
the smallest pain. He was not certain that he would use the razor blade even if
he got the chance. It was more natural to exist from moment to moment, accepting
another ten minutes' life even with the certainty that there was torture at the
end of it.
Sometimes he tried to calculate the number of porcelain bricks in the walls of
the cell. It should have been easy, but he always lost count at some point or
another. More often he wondered where he was, and what time of day it was. At
one moment he felt certain that it was broad daylight outside, and at the next
equally certain that it was pitch darkness. In this place, he knew
instinctively, the lights would never be turned out. It was the place with no
darkness: he saw now why O'Brien had seemed to recognize the allusion. In the
Ministry of Love there were no windows. His cell might be at the heart of the
building or against its outer wall; it might be ten floors below ground, or
thirty above it. He moved himself mentally from place to place, and tried to
determine by the feeling of his body whether he was perched high in the air or
buried deep underground.
There was a sound of marching boots outside. The steel door opened with a clang.
A young officer, a trim black-uniformed figure who seemed to glitter all over
with polished leather, and whose pale, straight-featured face was like a wax
mask, stepped smartly through the doorway. He motioned to the guards outside to
bring in the prisoner they were leading. The poet Ampleforth shambled into the
cell. The door clanged shut again.
Ampleforth made one or two uncertain movements from side to side, as though
having some idea that there was another door to go out of, and then began to
wander up and down the cell. He had not yet noticed Winston's presence. His
troubled eyes were gazing at the wall about a metre above the level of Winston's
head. He was shoeless; large, dirty toes were sticking out of the holes in his
socks. He was also several days away from a shave. A scrubby beard covered his
face to the cheekbones, giving him an air of ruffianism that went oddly with his
large weak frame and nervous movements.
Winston roused hirnself a little from his lethargy. He must speak to Ampleforth,
and risk the yell from the telescreen. It was even conceivable that Ampleforth
was the bearer of the razor blade.
'Ampleforth,' he said.
There was no yell from the telescreen. Ampleforth paused, mildly startled. His
eyes focused themselves slowly on Winston.
'Ah, Smith!' he said. 'You too!'
'What are you in for?'
'To tell you the truth – ' He sat down awkwardly on the bench opposite Winston.
'There is only one offence, is there not?' he said.
'And have you committed it?'
'Apparently I have.'
He put a hand to his forehead and pressed his temples for a moment, as though
trying to remember something.
'These things happen,' he began vaguely. 'I have been able to recall one
instance – a possible instance. It was an indiscretion, undoubtedly. We were
producing a definitive edition of the poems of Kipling. I allowed the word "God"
to remain at the end of a line. I could not help it!' he added almost
indignantly, raising his face to look at Winston. 'It was impossible to change
the line. The rhyme was "rod". Do you realize that there are only twelve rhymes
to "rod" in the entire language? For days I had racked my brains. There was no
The expression on his face changed. The annoyance passed out of it and for a
moment he looked almost pleased. A sort of intellectual warmth, the joy of the
pedant who has found out some useless fact, shone through the dirt and scrubby
'Has it ever occurred to you,' he said, 'that the whole history of English
poetry has been determined by the fact that the English language lacks rhymes?'
No, that particular thought had never occurred to Winston. Nor, in the
circumstances, did it strike him as very important or interesting.
'Do you know what time of day it is?' he said.
Ampleforth looked startled again. 'I had hardly thought about it. They arrested
me – it could be two days ago – perhaps three.' His eyes flitted round the
walls, as though he half expected to find a window somewhere. 'There is no
difference between night and day in this place. I do not see how one can
calculate the time.'
They talked desultorily for some minutes, then, without apparent reason, a yell
from the telescreen bade them be silent. Winston sat quietly, his hands crossed.
Ampleforth, too large to sit in comfort on the narrow bench, fidgeted from side
to side, clasping his lank hands first round one knee, then round the other. The
telescreen barked at him to keep still. Time passed. Twenty minutes, an hour –
it was difficult to judge. Once more there was a sound of boots outside.
Winston's entrails contracted. Soon, very soon, perhaps in five minutes, perhaps
now, the tramp of boots would mean that his own turn had come.
The door opened. The cold-faced young officer stepped into the cell. With a
brief movement of the hand he indicated Ampleforth.
'Room 101,' he said.
Ampleforth marched clumsily out between the guards, his face vaguely perturbed,
What seemed like a long time passed. The pain in Winston's belly had revived.
His mind sagged round and round on the same trick, like a ball falling again and
again into the same series of slots. He had only six thoughts. The pain in his
belly; a piece of bread; the blood and the screaming; O'Brien ; Julia; the razor
blade. There was another spasm in his entrails, the heavy boots were
approaching. As the door opened, the wave of air that it created brought in a
powerful smell of cold sweat. Parsons walked into the cell. He was wearing khaki
shorts and a sports-shirt.
This time Winston was startled into self-forgetfulness.
'You here!' he said.
Parsons gave Winston a glance in which there was neither interest nor surprise,
but only misery. He began walking jerkily up and down, evidently unable to keep
still. Each time he straightened his pudgy knees it was apparent that they were
trembling. His eyes had a wide-open, staring look, as though he could not
prevent himself from gazing at something in the middle distance.
'What are you in for?' said Winston.
'Thoughtcrime!' said Parsons, almost blubbering. The tone of his voice implied
at once a complete admission of his guilt and a sort of incredulous horror that
such a word could be applied to himself. He paused opposite Winston and began
eagerly appealing to him: 'You don't think they'll shoot me, do you, old chap?
They don't shoot you if you haven't actually done anything – only thoughts,
which you can't help? I know they give you a fair hearing. Oh, I trust them for
that! They'll know my record, won't they? You know what kind of chap I was. Not
a bad chap in my way. Not brainy, of course, but keen. I tried to do my best for
the Party, didn't I? I'll get off with five years, don't you think? Or even ten
years? A chap like me could make himself pretty useful in a labour-camp. They
wouldn't shoot me for going off the rails just once?'
'Are you guilty?' said Winston.
'Of course I'm guilty!' cried Parsons with a servile glance at the telescreen.
'You don't think the Party would arrest an innocent man, do you?' His frog-like
face grew calmer, and even took on a slightly sanctimonious expression.
'Thoughtcrime is a dreadful thing, old man,' he said sententiously. 'It's
insidious. It can get hold of you without your even knowing it. Do you know how
it got hold of me? In my sleep! Yes, that's a fact. There I was, working away,
trying to do my bit – never knew I had any bad stuff in my mind at all. And
then I started talking in my sleep. Do you know what they heard me saying?'
He sank his voice, like someone who is obliged for medical reasons to utter an
"Down with Big Brother!" Yes, I said that! Said it over and over again, it
seems. Between you and me, old man, I'm glad they got me before it went any
further. Do you know what I'm going to say to them when I go up before the
tribunal? "Thank you," I'm going to say, "thank you for saving me before it was
'Who denounced you?' said Winston.
'It was my little daughter,' said Parsons with a sort of doleful pride. 'She
listened at the keyhole. Heard what I was saying, and nipped off to the patrols
the very next day. Pretty smart for a nipper of seven, eh? I don't bear her any
grudge for it. In fact I'm proud of her. It shows I brought her up in the right
He made a few more jerky movements up and down, several times, casting a longing
glance at the lavatory pan. Then he suddenly ripped down his shorts.
'Excuse me, old man,' he said. 'I can't help it. It's the waiting.'
He plumped his large posterior into the lavatory pan. Winston covered his face
with his hands.
'Smith!' yelled the voice from the telescreen. '6079 Smith W! Uncover your face.
No faces covered in the cells.'
Winston uncovered his face. Parsons used the lavatory, loudly and abundantly. It
then turned out that the plug was defective and the cell stank abominably for
Parsons was removed. More prisoners came and went, mysteriously. One, a woman,
was consigned to 'Room 101', and, Winston noticed, seemed to shrivel and turn a
different colour when she heard the words. A time came when, if it had been
morning when he was brought here, it would be afternoon; or if it had been
afternoon, then it would be midnight. There were six prisoners in the cell, men
and women. All sat very still. Opposite Winston there sat a man with a chinless,
toothy face exactly like that of some large, harmless rodent. His fat, mottled
cheeks were so pouched at the bottom that it was difficult not to believe that
he had little stores of food tucked away there. His pale-grey eyes flitted
timorously from face to face and turned quickly away again when he caught
The door opened, and another prisoner was brought in whose appearance sent a
momentary chill through Winston. He was a commonplace, mean-looking man who
might have been an engineer or technician of some kind. But what was startling
was the emaciation of his face. It was like a skull. Because of its thinness the
mouth and eyes looked disproportionately large, and the eyes seemed filled with
a murderous, unappeasable hatred of somebody or something.
The man sat down on the bench at a little distance from Winston. Winston did not
look at him again, but the tormented, skull-like face was as vivid in his mind
as though it had been straight in front of his eyes. Suddenly he realized what
was the matter. The man was dying of starvation. The same thought seemed to
occur almost simultaneously to everyone in the cell. There was a very faint
stirring all the way round the bench. The eyes of the chinless man kept flitting
towards the skull-faced man, then turning guiltily away, then being dragged back
by an irresistible attraction. Presently he began to fidget on his seat. At last
he stood up, waddled clumsily across the cell, dug down into the pocket of his
overalls, and, with an abashed air, held out a grimy piece of bread to the
There was a furious, deafening roar from the telescreen. The chinless man jumped
in his tracks. The skull-faced man had quickly thrust his hands behind his back,
as though demonstrating to all the world that he refused the gift.
'Bumstead!' roared the voice. '2713 Bumstead J.! Let fall that piece of bread!'
The chinless man dropped the piece of bread on the floor.
'Remain standing where you are,' said the voice. 'Face the door. Make no
The chinless man obeyed. His large pouchy cheeks were quivering uncontrollably.
The door clanged open. As the young officer entered and stepped aside, there
emerged from behind him a short stumpy guard with enormous arms and shoulders.
He took his stand opposite the chinless man, and then, at a signal from the
officer, let free a frightful blow, with all the weight of his body behind it,
full in the chinless man's mouth. The force of it seemed almost to knock him
clear of the floor. His body was flung across the cell and fetched up against
the base of the lavatory seat. For a moment he lay as though stunned, with dark
blood oozing from his mouth and nose. A very faint whimpering or squeaking,
which seemed unconscious, came out of him. Then he rolled over and raised
himself unsteadily on hands and knees. Amid a stream of blood and saliva, the
two halves of a dental plate fell out of his mouth.
The prisoners sat very still, their hands crossed on their knees. The chinless
man climbed back into his place. Down one side of his face the flesh was
darkening. His mouth had swollen into a shapeless cherry-coloured mass with a
black hole in the middle of it.
From time to time a little blood dripped on to the breast of his overalls. His
grey eyes still flitted from face to face, more guiltily than ever, as though he
were trying to discover how much the others despised him for his humiliation.
The door opened. With a small gesture the officer indicated the skull-faced man.
'Room 101,' he said.
There was a gasp and a flurry at Winston's side. The man had actually flung
himself on his knees on the floor, with his hand clasped together.
'Comrade! Officer!' he cried. 'You don't have to take me to that place! Haven't
I told you everything already? What else is it you want to know? There's nothing
I wouldn't confess, nothing! Just tell me what it is and I'll confess straight
off. Write it down and I'll sign it – anything! Not room 101!'
'Room 101,' said the officer.
The man's face, already very pale, turned a colour Winston would not have
believed possible. It was definitely, unmistakably, a shade of green.
'Do anything to me!' he yelled. 'You've been starving me for weeks. Finish it
off and let me die. Shoot me. Hang me. Sentence me to twenty-five years. Is
there somebody else you want me to give away? Just say who it is and I'll tell
you anything you want. I don't care who it is or what you do to them. I've got a
wife and three children. The biggest of them isn't six years old. You can take
the whole lot of them and cut their throats in front of my eyes, and I'll stand
by and watch it. But not Room 101!'
'Room 101,' said the officer.
The man looked frantically round at the other prisoners, as though with some
idea that he could put another victim in his own place. His eyes settled on the
smashed face of the chinless man. He flung out a lean arm.
'That's the one you ought to be taking, not me!' he shouted. 'You didn't hear
what he was saying after they bashed his face. Give me a chance and I'll tell
you every word of it. He's the one that's against the Party, not me.' The guards
stepped forward. The man's voice rose to a shriek. 'You didn't hear him!' he
repeated. 'Something went wrong with the telescreen. He's the one you want. Take
him, not me!'
The two sturdy guards had stooped to take him by the arms. But just at this
moment he flung himself across the floor of the cell and grabbed one of the iron
legs that supported the bench. He had set up a wordless howling, like an animal.
The guards took hold of him to wrench him loose, but he clung on with
astonishing strength. For perhaps twenty seconds they were hauling at him. The
prisoners sat quiet, their hands crossed on their knees, looking straight in
front of them. The howling stopped; the man had no breath left for anything
except hanging on. Then there was a different kind of cry. A kick from a guard's
boot had broken the fingers of one of his hands. They dragged him to his feet.
'Room 101,' said the officer.
The man was led out, walking unsteadily, with head sunken, nursing his crushed
hand, all the fight had gone out of him.
A long time passed. If it had been midnight when the skull-faced man was taken
away, it was morning: if morning, it was afternoon. Winston was alone, and had
been alone for hours. The pain of sitting on the narrow bench was such that
often he got up and walked about, unreproved by the telescreen. The piece of
bread still lay where the chinless man had dropped it. At the beginning it
needed a hard effort not to look at it, but presently hunger gave way to thirst.
His mouth was sticky and evil-tasting. The humming sound and the unvarying white
light induced a sort of faint ness, an empty feeling inside his head. He would
get up because the ache in his bones was no longer bearable, and then would sit
down again almost at once because he was too dizzy to make sure of staying on
his feet. Whenever his physical sensations were a little under control the
terror returned. Sometimes with a fading hope he thought of O'Brien and the
razor blade. It was thinkable that the razor blade might arrive concealed in his
food, if he were ever fed. More dimly he thought of Julia. Somewhere or other
she was suffering perhaps far worse than he. She might be screaming with pain at
this moment. He thought: 'If I could save Julia by doubling my own pain, would I
do it? Yes, I would.' But that was merely an intellectual decision, taken
because he knew that he ought to take it. He did not feel it. In this place you
could not feel anything, except pain and foreknowledge of pain. Besides, was it
possible, when you were actually suffering it, to wish for any reason that your
own pain should increase? But that question was not answerable yet.
The boots were approaching again. The door opened. O'Brien came in.
Winston started to his feet. The shock of the sight had driven all caution out
of him. For the first time in many years he forgot the presence of the
'They've got you too!' he cried.
'They got me a long time ago,' said O'Brien with a mild, almost regretful irony.
He stepped aside. From behind him there emerged a broad-chested guard with a
long black truncheon in his hand.
'You know him, Winston,' said O'Brien. 'Don't deceive yourself. You did know it
– you have always known it.'
Yes, he saw now, he had always known it. But there was no time to think of that.
All he had eyes for was the truncheon in the guard's hand. It might fall
anywhere; on the crown, on the tip of the ear, on the upper arm, on the elbow –
The elbow! He had slumped to his knees, almost paralysed, clasping the stricken
elbow with his other hand. Everything had exploded into yellow light.
Inconceivable, inconceivable that one blow could cause such pain! The light
cleared and he could see the other two looking down at him. The guard was
laughing at his contortions. One question at any rate was answered. Never, for
any reason on earth, could you wish for an increase of pain. Of pain you could
wish only one thing: that it should stop. Nothing in the world was so bad as
physical pain. In the face of pain there are no heroes, no heroes, he thought
over and over as he writhed on the floor, clutching uselessly at his disabled